american studies and history research topics

1. American Political And Judicial System: Review.

Desc: This six-page undergraduate paper describes in detail the American Political and Judicial system. From the beginning, the system was set up to establish widespread democratic participation to elect leaders to institutions that are limited and have checks on what they can do. 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

2. A Biography of Calvin Klein

Desc: This paper will present a biography of Calvin Klein, and his rise in the fashion industry in America. By understanding the relationships he held with fellow businessman, Barry Schwartz, we can see how Klein became a wordwide wonder in the fashion industry. In this manner, we can see the numerous awards he has received, and why he is a major figure in American fashion.

3. A Book Review of These American Lands by Dyan Zaslowsky and T.H. Watkins

Desc: This paper will analyze the book These American Lands by Dyan Zaslowsky, and seek to realize American government policy in the Nation Park Service, National Forest Service, as well as the U.S. Land Management Bureau. By organizing the various data for legislative analysis in this book, we can see an expertise in how natural land allocation was formed in American politics.

4. A Brief History of the U.S. Constitution.

Desc: This 7-page freshman undergraduate paper provides a background look into the development of the U.S. Constitution. Reference books with historical accounts of the meetings behind the Constitution were used. The paper provides a glimpse into Shay's Rebellion and moves through to the ratification of the Constitution. 7 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

5. A Brief Look at Changes in Coast Guard History

Desc: This 3-page graduate paper looks at historical changes to the US Coast Guard from the birth of the service to current times. This paper stresses the changes that have had an impact on the Coast Guard and Nation and this paper concludes that changes to Coast Guard have often been reactions to changes to the Nation. For example, concerns about illegal smuggling or illegal immigration, for example, have meant that the Coast Guard's mission and fleet were altered to include the control of these areas of concern. The Coast Guard has changed dramatically throughout its history, from a modest vision of a few protective boats to one of the largest services and American departments. Perhaps as a result of so many changes, and perhaps as a result of being created out of several services, the Coast Guard today is a complex service with many duties and responsibilities.

6. A Brief analysis of the Declaration of Independence.

Desc: This paper will explain the basic ideas contained in the Declaration of Independence, the impact of the Declaration upon the American War of Independence and the reasons for the appeal of the Declaration as a "radical document". These themes will be discussed and analyzed to better understand the premise of the Declaration of Independence and to see why and how it worked within the times it was written in. 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

7. A Briefing to the President of the United States to Stop Terrorism.

Desc: This brief will explain why we should not tolerate acts of terrorism within our good country. This brief will point out a solution to the problems that are facing our country at this time. By understanding the premise of his briefing, we can understand how to combat these horrific acts that have been committed against out good country. 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

8. A Colonist's Plea to King George III

Desc: After having studied both history and political science as an undergraduate, I secured a master's degree in American History. My work experiences have been broad and include work in the fields of law, marketing, public relations, recruiting, consulting, and writing. I continue to have interests in American History, modern day politics and other more recreational hobbies.

9. A Comparative Analysis Of Blacks And Italians In New York City At The Turn Of The Century (1900).

Desc: This paper will present a different culture versus structure analysis of two groups. American Blacks will be used as one of the racial groups. They are a highly significant group around 1900 in New York City. They were not immigrants as such. However, many did migrate to the north from the south where they established Harlem. They share many of the characteristics of the other immigrant groups, which are usually studied as immigrant groups. The other groups included in the comparison are the Italian immigrants to New York City, particularly from Calabria. Calabria, like the American south at that time, was a poor part of Italy and Calabrese (like American blacks), were often considered inferior to other Italians. 5 pgs. 3 f/c. 5b.

10. A Compare and Contrast of the Economic Issues of the North and South During the Civil War.

Desc: This paper will compare and contrast the industrial and agricultural development of the South and the North in the decades before the Civil War in this field. The history will reveal as to why the North and South differed greatly and why they fought over these issues. The main elements of each society will bring a realization of economic systems of both sides and tell why this war was fought. By understanding these economic motivations, a better understanding can be made of the separation of powers in this era of time. 3 pgs. bibliography lists 3 sources.

11. A Comparison Between Three Forms of Centralized Government.

Desc: This paper defines and describes the similarities and the differences between the three major systems of government suggested for the United States at the time of its inception. These three forms of government are the unitary system, the federal system, and the nonfederal system. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

12. A Comparison and Contrast of the USA Patriot Act with 1984 by George Orwell

Desc: This paper will compare and contrast the USA Patriot Act with George Orwell's novel 1984. By understanding the Patriot Acts denial of basic rights, such as a right to legal defense and privacy, we can surely see why this law goes too far in "protecting American citizens from terrorism". The aim of the law, although it seeks to defend Americans, is actually harrassing foreign born citizens in a similar manner to Orwell's nightmarish Oceania.

13. A Comparison of the United States Federal Government versus the Michigan State Government.

Desc: This paper provides an overview of the government system used by the state of Michigan, and uses this overview to compare the situation in Michigan to the governing style of the country as a whole. This paper therefore provides the reader with a concise summary of the ways in which Michigan is both alike and is different from the U.S. federal government.

14. A Comprehensive Study of the Thirty-First President Herbert Hoover.

Desc: This study will cover the vast amount of information that is associated with the thirty-first president of the United States Herbert Hoover. By examining the social, political and economic policies of this great president, we can see how he helped to create a new world after the Great Depression. He was important in making the country stabilize after this very deep depression, and was also influential in creating an American that was socially and politically binging in his philosophies in his tenure. 15 pgs, bibliography lists 12 sources.

15. A Consideration of Some of the Effects Government Subsidies Have on Pharmaceutical Companies

Desc: This 3-page undergraduate paper considers some effects government subsidies have on pharmaceutical companies. This paper notes that there exists a basic debate about the effects government subsidies have on pharmaceutical companies. Namely, some claim that government subsidies have a positive impact on pharmaceutical companies, both financially and socially. Government subsidies, it is argued, helps companies to develop drugs which help many patients each year. Further, subsidies have a positive financial effect by allowing a deserving set of companies to have access to money they might not otherwise have in order to help others. On the other hand, some experts claim that government subsidies for pharmaceutical companies have a largely detrimental effect both politically and socially, as government subsidies grant pharmaceutical companies excessive power. This results in escalated spending on pharmaceutical companies, but also results in higher drug costs, which means that many have unequal access to the medicines they need.

16. A Contrast and Comparison of the Movie Full Metal Jacket by Stanley Kubrick and Ed Kugler's book Dead Center: A Marine Sniper's Two-Year Odyssey in the Vietnam War .

Desc: This paper will discuss the movie Full Metal Jacket and compare it to the book by Ed Kugler entitled: Dead Center: A Marine Sniper's Two-Year Odyssey in the Vietnam War and reveal the differences in the opinions of the war that have been made. The authors all have differing takes on what really happened I Vietnam, but parallels can be drawn as well to cover the full scope of the war with a balanced perspective. By analyzing the two elements of media, we can see how entertainment value and literature can have two angles on an event that will always be remembered for its complex nature. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

17. A Critical Analysis of Truman's Decision to Use the Atomic Bomb.

Desc: In this essay, President Truman's decision to bomb Hiroshima is critically assessed. The author of this essay evaluates the decision by considering the historical, political, and economic contexts of WWII, and assesses Truman's options and influences. The paper concludes that Truman's decision was justified in direct relation to the contexts of history and the impact of the war. 14 pgs. 5 sources.

18. A Critical Review of Bruce Collins'Book The Origins of America's Civil War .

Desc: This paper critically reviews Bruce Collins'book: "The Origins of America's Civil War". The emphasis of the book relates to how the political system at the time positioned the country for conflict. The two major causes of this conflict were the issues of slavery and the representation in states. 4 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

19. A Decade of Conformity.

Desc: This is a 2 page paper on the 1950's and the argument that it deserves to be called an age with a tremendous reputation for political, cultural and social conformity. 2 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

20. A General Overview of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Desc: This paper will discuss the nature of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. By understanding the various functions of the organization, along with its history, we can realize its ultimate purpose in the scope of world politics.

21. A Generic Critical Response to "Inaugurating the Presidency" by Karlyn Korhs Campbell and Kathleen Jamieson.

Desc: A generic critical response to the essay by Karlyn Korhs Campbell and Kathleen Jamieson called "Inaugurating the Presidency". By understanding the differing critiques of a good inaugural and a bad one, we can access the foundations for their research on this study.

22. A Health Care Article Critique in Cultural Diversity in Hospice Care in America

Desc: This article Critique will focus on the article by Marjorie Kagawa-Singer, PhD, MN, RN; Leslie J. Blackball, MD, MTS, Negotiating Cross-Cultural Issues at the End of Life "You Got to Go Where He Lives" . By understnaind ghte cultural differences in American culture, we can see how this formulates the great degree of mistrust that is now occurring wihin hospice care in the united States. By researching the article, and its sources, we can see how this cultural problem can be rememedied through a thorough critique.

23. A Historical Analysis of the Movie: Full Metal Jacket.

Desc: This paper will discuss the historical relativity of the Vietnam War movie Full Metal Jacket, and how this relates to the events that take place in the film. By understanding the objectives of the filmmaker, but only a sense of historical adaptation, we can learn how history plays itself out in this version of the war, as told by Hollywood

24. A History and Examination of the Mullan Military Road.

Desc: This paper provides a history of the Mullan Military Road. The focus of this paper is on the discovery and the development of this road, and the impact that the road had on the development of the local history. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

25. A History of Long Island: Studying the Past and the Present of the Land

Desc: The history of Long Island is remarkable, and the impact of the Long Island Sound upon the development of the recognizable, more recent landscapes of the New York coastline has been profound. This paper shall briefly survey the development of Long Island and the cultivation of this land for settlement as a means of demonstrating the impact which Long Island has had upon the present status of New York City. The source Long Island, Our History, is used as the reference for this paper.

26. A Leadership Analysis of The Dark Side of Camelot by Seymour Hersh

Desc: This paper will present a leadership critique of John F. Kennedy in the book The Dark Side of Camelot by Seymour Hersh. By analyzing Kennedey's weaknesses, we can debate on the validity of Hersh's thesis.

27. A Legal Analysis: An Argument for Juries to Remain Within the American Legal System

Desc: This paper will seek to present legal arguments that will help juries remain a part of the American legal system. By showing how juries prevent non-bias between judges and lawyers in the court, we can surely see why juries are still a vital aspect of a separation of powers. In addition, we can discuss why jury nullification is important in legal counseling between judge and jury.

28. A Letter to Governor Rick Perry

Desc: As a citizen of the great state of Texas, I turn to you with what I perceive as a dangerous situation. You have established several priorities for our state, such as strengthening educational opportunities, increasing access to quality healthcare, improving transportation, innovating new water sources, and improving our border region, however what about the protecting the safety of the citizens due to the carelessness of businesses such as Pantex? (Priorities)

29. A Lost Lady by Willa Cather.

Desc: Synopsis: An analysis of A Lost Lady by Willa Cathers that elucidates the mythic attributes to manifest Destiny in the early pioneers of America. By showing the realities of pioneer life, we can see how Cather portrays a grim notion of survival in the move to colonize the west.

30. A Media Analysis: A History and Examination of Reality TV

Desc: This paper will examine the nature of reality TV, and how it presents itself as a force in modern American television. By understanding the history of this television genre, we can see how reality TV developed, and how it may not represent 'reality'in the truest sense of the word. By showing weaknesses in pre-show production, we can understand the limitations of reality in reality TV.

31. A Modern Appearance of the Amish Rumspringa

Desc: This paper is meant to highlight the basic beliefs of Amish society in North America. Of course, because of the essay's brevity, the discussion will be brief. Specifically the paper will examine the tradition of rumspringa and demonstrate its importance in Amish society. Finally, the discussion will close by mentioning a recent Western attempt to commercialize the rumspringa with a new reality television program.

32. A Narrative of the Vietnam War.

Desc: This paper is a creative writing assignment that investigates an incident that changes a man when he is faced with an event from the Vietnam War.

33. A New Nation.

Desc: This paper discusses the ideological conflict between Federalists and Jeffersonians. Mention is made of the differences in how both parties interpreted the Constitution. 4 pgs. 4 f/c. 4b.

34. A Poetical Analysis of Individualism in The Road Not Taken and Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost

Desc: This paper will seek to understand the nature of American individuality through Nature as portrayed in The Road Less Taken and Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening by Robert Frost. By analyzing Frost's natural symbolism within these poems, we can see the fierce sense of individuality that he exudes in his appeal for a greater understanding of Nature and the liberty that it offers.

35. A Political Analysis of the Life of Aaron Burr

Desc: This paper will analyze the doomed relationship between Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, and the notorious Aaron Burr. By researching the events that would lead to Burr's exile by the murder of Hamilton, we can see how passion to an extreme caused the egomaniacal Burr to seek his own lust for power in the Burr Conspiracy. By planning to annex the Lousisiana Territory and what is now Mexico for his own government, we can see how he was destined to fall to the greater and more rational powers in the United States government.

36. A Review of Northrup's Untold History.

Desc: This review will examine Northrup's work in order to understand Northup's objectives as well as the success of his historical analysis on numerous levels, which include methodological nuances that are the backbone of this finely told and subversive account.

37. A Shopkeeper's Millennium.

Desc: These three one-page essays examine the basis of class identity in Rochester in the 1830's; compares women's abolitionist efforts were similar to other feminine involvement in reform; and analyzes the defining characteristics of slavery in the United States. 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

38. A Social and Economic Analysis of Post World War II Japan

Desc: This paper will seek to analyze a possible career in social work within the civil rights workers field. By observing the nature of the job, we can understand why ethics, morality, and a solid comprehension of the Bill of Rights are some of the main components that make this job difficult and have lesser pay that other social working jobs in America.

39. A Sociological Analysis of Minority Violence in the American Family

Desc: This paper will elucidate the common sociological problems of minority families within the United States, By understanding how modern media manipulates and corrupts the minority image through "gangster" violence, we can learn why low income black families tend to become victims of their socio-economic settings. In this manner, we can take a Functionalist view on the degradation of the American minority family in this study.

40. A Study of Black and White Women in Pre-Revolutionary New England Colonies.

Desc: This paper will discuss the plight of women in the New England colonies and how they lived in the religious ideals that were present in the societal systems of the period. Te books that will be studied in tandem with this study will be: American People: Creating a Nation and a Society by G. Nash an J.R. Jeffrey and the book Good Wives Image and Reality in the Lives of Women in Northern New England 1650 - 1750 by Laurel Thatcher Ulrich. By analyzing these studies, we can understand how many women upheld the norms of Puritanical life in the earl American colonies. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

41. A Summary of Dark Sweat, White Gold: California Farm Workers, Cotton and the New Deal by Derva Weber.

Desc: This paper will be about Dark Sweat, White Gold: California Farm Workers, Cotton and the New Deal by Derva Weber. A summary of this book will be revealed to give the historical information that was so a part of the Californian economy at this period in time. By understanding the notions that author is presenting in the awful labor conditions of the Mexican-American worker, we can see why she has given an elucidated version of Californian history. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

42. A Supreme Court Law Review of Anti-War Protest in American History

Desc: This paper will select five case that have to do with anti-war protest in the American Supreme Court. By undertanding the rulings of these cases, we can see limitations on First Amendment rights in these rulings.

43. A Thesis Dissertation on Problems and Solutions in the Governance of Immigration and Naturalization Services in the United States

Desc: This dissertation will offer some insights into how the Immigration and Naturalization Services failed to give the proper defenses against 9/11. In light of an historical outlook on this governmental administration, we can why the more efficient Department of Homeland Security was founded to prevent further terrorist attacks. By addressing current modes of immigration policy in modern times, we can see how Arab Americans fare under this new governmental regime.

44. Abraham Lincoln and Franklin D. Roosevelt - A comparison of two presidents in national crises.

Desc: This essay compares and contrasts two American presidents, Abraham Lincoln and Franklin D. Roosevelt, who both navigated the U.S. through difficult times. We will focus on their styles of leadership in their respective political crises: the Civil war, and the Great Depression, respectively, in hopes of making some suggestions on the nature of unwavering leadership in the pursuit of national interest. Wherever possible, this essay will use the words of the presidents themselves to demonstrate the centrality and significance of language as a means of actualizing a strategy. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

45. Abraham Lincoln on Leadership.

Desc: An Analysis on the leadership of Abraham Lincoln. By understanding the foundations of leadership that Abraham Lincoln used in his life, we can see the sources of such qualities as intelligence, ethics and values in his example. 6-pages. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

46. Abraham Lincoln: An Analysis.

Desc: This three-page undergraduate paper examines the wartime leadership of Abraham Lincoln, discusses to what degree he deserves his reputation, and analyzes where Lincoln should be praised and where he should be criticized. 3 pgs, bibliography lists 3 sources.

47. Addressing the Battle of Antietam from Its Impact on Military Strategy.

Desc: This paper addresses the Battle of Antietam in terms of its significance as a military victory, and how this battle helped to change the conduct of war during its era. This paper demonstrates that the fighting tactics used by the Union Army at the Battle of Antietam helped prove that a small, maneuverable fighting force could win over superior firepower, demonstrating that a lack of strategy could not be compensated through weaponry. Through doing so, it can be seen how the Battle of Antietam helped redefine war protocol to a significant degree.

48. Admiral Hyman Rickman, the Nuclear Navy, and Commerical Nuclear Power Industry

Desc: This paper is a description of the contributions that Admiral Hyman Rickover made regarding the United States's Nuclear Navy as well as regarding the commerical nuclear power industry. As such, this paper examines the control that Rickover exercised over the Nuclear Navy for thirty years. Additionally, some discussion will be made of Rickover's involvement in the Three Mile Island disaster.

49. Advantages and Disadvantages of International Arbitration Process.

Desc: This paper presents an overview of the advantages and disadvantages of the international arbitration process. This process is presented in an outline form.

50. Afghani Prisoners are Prisoners of War, not Common Criminals.

Desc: The United States, in its treatment of prisoners of war from Afghanistan, is clearly violating the Geneva Conventions. From the end of World War II until very recently, the United States has maintained an international posture as that of the keeper of laws and order. While we continue to act as the world's cop, the United States is in danger of destroying that which has made it such a strong nation - our integrity. It is the purpose of this essay to demonstrate that by treating all "detainees" from Afghanistan under rules governing terrorists rather than those of Prisoners Of War as defined under the Geneva Conventions, the United States is effectively making null rules that help to make the inhumane human, to make the damages of war a little less brutal. The United States is making a mistake, one that it cannot afford.

51. African American Women During the Civil War Era.

Desc: This paper is about African American women during the civil rights era. The civil rights era in American history was a period of tremendous growth for many minority groups, not the least of which was African-American women. The contributions made by African-American women during this period range had an enormous impact both on the struggles within the civil rights movement and advancements on the entrepreneurial landscape. The contributions made by these that are still being felt in America, and all over the world, today. The following ten women are but a few shining examples of how African-American women during the civil rights era paved the road for the generations of women that would follow, and many more to come.

52. African- American Involvement In The American Civil War.

Desc: This seven-page paper discusses the effects of African-American involvement in the American Civil War (1861-1865), using the political feeling at the time with quotes from eminent leaders at the time, following on the regiments formed and the engagements they fought in. 7 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

53. Agriculture in the Prehistoric American Southwest

Desc: This three-page undergraduate paper examines agriculture in the prehistoric American Southwest and analyzes how the advent of agriculture was affected by the desert climate. The author notes that due to dry desert conditions, ancient peoples such as the Hohokam and Anasazi had to dig canals or water channels to irrigate their crops. The climate of this region was relatively harsh and the growing season fairly short, but Anasazi and Hohokam agriculture were generally efficient even though they developed under the perpetual threat of drought.

54. Alabama & Virginia: Demographic and Budgetary Analysis

Desc: This paper shall examine several characteristics of the states of Alabama and Virginia. This examination will consider demographic information (age, gender, race, education, economic facts) and analyze that information based on the respective states' budgets. From that, conclusions will be drawn regarding the quality of life in each state as well as possible futures for each state.

55. Alabama State Constitution of 1901: Review.

Desc: This ten-page undergraduate paper explains the facts and details associated with the Alabama State Constitution of 1901. . The 1901 Constitution was more a code of laws than a framework for government, as the Legislature retained near complete control over local affairs, making necessary hundreds of amendments over the succeeding decades. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

56. Albany: The Birth Of An American Economy.

Desc: This is a 10-page paper on the history of Albany that covers the complete historical perspective and the developments over the years. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 9 sources.

57. Alberto Giacometti And Invisible Object .

Desc: This four-page undergraduate paper discusses the work of Alberto Giacometti, a Swiss painter and sculptor of the twentieth century. He was known for his beautiful statues of human figures but there is a lot of controversy surrounding the source of some of his sculptures including the "Invisible Object" that he produced in 1934. 4 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

58. Alexander Hamilton Monument.

Desc: This five-page academic paper is in the form of a letter to the current President of the United States, George W. Bush, requesting that a monument to Alexander Hamilton be built in Washington D.C. 5 pages. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

59. Alistair Cooke's America

Desc: This document reviews several sections of Alistair Cooke's "America: A Personal History of the United States." Sections reviewed are encapsulated into brief format with major points and events highlighted. This paper reviews American history from pre-Revolutionary War days through the early 1900's. Cooke's series, much like Ken Burns'"Civil War" mini series relates the tale of America through our ancestors voices.

60. Alistair Cooke's America: Video Summary

Desc: This paper reviews the sum total of the series "America" written and narrated by Alistair Cooke. An overview of the series as a whole is provided, while each of the series'thirteen (13) episodes is reviewed relative to content and the manner in which they reflect the American experience. "America" is compared to Ken Burns'later documentary on the Civil War in its utilization of period commentary and current cinematography.

61. America 1820-1860: An Era Of Progress

Desc: Answers the question: did the transformation of America from 1820 to 1860 improve the life of the average American? Discusses the change from an agrarian to an industrial economy, and from a rural to an urban culture, and the place of both slavery and the temperance movement in this transformation.

62. America After the Revolutionary War.

Desc: This paper discusses America after the Revolutionary War. A fledging nation was still in the process of finding itself, as well as forging the laws of the new land as well as its identity. It is also a fact that a tension still existed between the United States and Britain that originated from the American Revolution but did not end with its conclusion. The War of 1812, sandwiched between the Revolution and the Civil War, is an oft-overlooked chapter in United States history. But its events and aftermath, for the reasons mentioned here and more, were as influential and far reaching as any other period in our countries growth and development.

63. America Tested 1865-1998.

Desc: A five page examination of how the United States has come through various crisis since 1865. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

64. America in Vietnam: An Analysis of Intervention and Escalation.

Desc: This six-page undergraduate paper discusses why the United States was drawn into the Vietnam War. The author focuses especially upon those aspects of the American character that motivated intervention and escalation. 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

65. America's Battleship USS New Jersey.

Desc: This paper outlines the history of the battleship USS New Jersey. USS New Jersey (BB-62) is one of the four battleships of the Iowa class, the largest, fastest, most powerful, and last battleships the US ever built, and among the biggest battleships ever.

66. America's Melting Pot.

Desc: This paper is on America as a melting pot due to the assimilation of immigrants in America. Today, huge numbers of Americans are of mixed cultures. Many do not fit the limiting categories of race such as White, Black or Negro, American Indian or Alaskan Native, and Asian or Pacific Islander -- outlined in Statistical Directive 15, which was adopted in 1978 by the Office of Management and Budget and used in the 1990 U.S. Census of the Population. A rising number of Americans are "Multiracial-Americans." This making the term "melting pot" even more appropriate. The people of this country are most of a mixture of several different cultures; the backgrounds of our citizens cannot be reduced to one label or another. To be "American" now means a "melting" of several different ethnic categories.

67. America's Presidents: Life After the White House.

Desc: This ten-page undergraduate paper discusses the lives of all of America's presidents after they left office, but focuses primarily upon the post-White House careers of Thomas Jefferson, John Quincy Adams, Theodore Roosevelt, Herbert Hoover, Harry Truman, Jimmy Carter, and Richard Nixon. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

68. America's Vote.

Desc: This 12-page paper presents a detailed look at voters in the United States. The author tries to discern which voter group is more likely to be involved in politics. The paper takes the reader on a tour through several statistical demographic issues as well as many social issues that play a part in the involvement level of certain groups politically. Racial issues as well as age barriers all become a part of the game when politics are involved. There were ten sources used to complete this paper. 12 pgs. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

69. America: Congress and Foreign Policy.

Desc: This paper explores the issue of the role of Congress in making foreign policy and the ways in which the presidency has assumed more powers I this area. MLA format.

70. America: The Frontier Nation of the 1830's.

Desc: This paper will argue for the representation of the a "frontier" in the early climate of American history. By understanding the notions that America was a society bent on Manifest Destiny, we can see the true nature of America in its earliest stages of growth. The thesis of this essay will be that the ideal of "Frontier Nation" was a very good term for the climate of American thought in the 1830's. 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

71. American Presidents.

Desc: This paper presents political biographies of seven selected American presidents. In brief accounts, the paper highlights accomplishments, challenges and legacies of the presidents in their political career.

72. American Cultural Change in the 1960's

Desc: This paper deals with change in culture and politics in America during the 1960's. Topics discussed are the challenges the new, young generation made to pre-existing ideas of home, family, government and freedom. Additionally discussed are the ways in which those who fought for social change in the 1960s relied upon previous American ideals of freedom.

73. American Culture and Islamic Culture: Comparisons.

Desc: This five-page undergraduate paper examines and analyzes American and Islamic culture. Social structures, symbols, norms, values, and rituals are compared and contrasted, and respective strengths and weaknesses are discussed. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

74. American Culture, Watergate and the de-throning of government: The Creation of Political Apathy.

Desc: This paper examines the dominating role the media played in the "Watergate" affair in forcing the executive branch of the government into the public contest, where the government and the media were pitted in a battle for public favor. 12 pgs. 31 f/c. 9b.

75. American Development since World War II.

Desc: This four-page undergraduate paper is on the " American Development since World War II". It includes that what do we see as the most important aspect of American development since the World War II? 4 pgs, bibliography lists 5 sources.

76. American Domestic History: 1963-1992 AND American Foreign Policy Since 1960.

Desc: This four-page graduate paper is in the form of two essays of two pages each, which deal with political, economic, cultural, social, and cultural changes in the United States between 1963-1992; and American foreign policy issues since 1960. In the first essay, the author examines the personal experiences of six Americans of different racial, religious, economic, and geographical backgrounds, and in the second essay the author refutes charges that America is imperialist, and that American foreign policy is driven by capitalist greed.

77. American Foreign Policy

Desc: This paper encompasses a discussion of American foreign policy. Specifically the focus of the discussion is on American foreign policy in the years between Munich and Pearl Harbor. The book "From Munich to Pearl Harbor" by David Reynolds is the source of reference used for this discussion of the cold war years through Pearl Harbor. In addition a description of how American foreign policy has changed in the time period being discussed is presented.

78. American Government and History.

Desc: This paper answers three questions about American history.

79. American Icon Chief Sitting Bull

Desc: This paper disucsses Sitting Bull as an American icon, first detailing his life, then discussing how he became a symbol of his people and the role he has served since as an icon of the americna West, of the Indian wars, and of a time and place in history, seeing him as standing in for all Native Americans beacuse of his fame from his time in Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show.

80. American Imperialism in the Twentieth Century.

Desc: This paper will discuss American imperialism in 20th century and find what attributes our country has to this policy of dealing with its neighboring countries. Some examples will be given and explained as to why they occur and how they happen. By examining the methods and different ways that Imperialism has affected other countries, as a result of American intervention, there can be a better analysis of how the world is affected from it. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

81. American Literature And Immigrant Natives.

Desc: This paper discusses the role of immigrant natives in American literature. Willa Cather's "O Pioneers!" addresses precisely the imbalance and uneasiness between the individual and society, which prevailed in America during the first Puritan settlement. The personal went against what was public, and the individual dream was at variance with the American Dream. Cather shows the struggle of individual potency against the external forces of history and the universe.

82. American National Government.

Desc: This essay discusses how the different branches of the American federal government must now do something new about terrorism. There are certain kinds of legislation that could help in this context. The Executive Branch has to take the initiative, while the Courts and Congress can facilitate executive action. 3 pgs. No sources listed.

83. American Political Ideology: An Analysis

Desc: This three-page undergraduate essay examines the political ideology of the Founding Brothers, and discusses how these principles affected the development of the United States in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The author also analyzes the differences between Federalism and Republicanism, the role of Manifest Destiny in the expansion of America westward, and the influence that Manifest Destiny had on the Revolutionary War and the Civil War. The paper concludes that despite their differences on a number of issues, all Americans shared the same basic confidence in democracy and the belief that Americans were destined to inherent the entire continent.

84. American Propaganda of The First World War.

Desc: This paper looks at the profound change in the attitude of the American people from the rigid isolationist sentiments of President Wilson's first term, to the overwhelming support for the war in 1917 and 1918 is of course a function of many factors. But historians are nearly unanimous in the opinion that the propaganda efforts of Wilson's CPI deserve a great portion of the credit for such a dramatic change in public opinion in so short a time. 7.5 pgs. 9 f/c. 8b.

85. American Revolution and Intergroup Conflict Theory.

Desc: The purpose of this paper is to examine the roles played by Intergroup Conflict Theories in the American Revolution at various stages of its development, and how they can help to explain the colonist's motivation to join the cause. The theories to be discussed include Freud's Frustration-Aggression Theory, as well as Relative Deprivation Theory and Resource Mobilization Theory. In the course of any study on any revolutionary war, the question of why individuals choose to join a revolutionary group is a key question. The question provides conversational fodder for psychologists, political scientists, economists and sociologists alike. In this examination we will focus on three Intergroup Conflict Theories, to delve into the question from a psychological point of view. The first theory to be touched upon is Freud's Frustration-Aggression Theory.

86. American Society, Marijuana and Public Policy.

Desc: This paper will explore American societal views towards marijuana, what significant influences have shaped these views and how, in turn, these views have shaped legislation relating to marijuana. American society, driven by important media actors, is currently in the process of a significant reconsideration of marijuana's position in our culture. This paper will provide a historical and sociological context of the evolution of American society's views towards marijuana so that the current debate regarding legalization and the medical use of marijuana might be better understood. 11 pgs. 40 f/c. 16b.

87. American Society: Parameters Marking Its Growth.

Desc: This paper will attempt to indicate some of the main social, economic and cultural parameters that marked the growth of American society in the years from the revolution to the aftermath of reconstruction. It indicates a path of increasing differentiation in a society that continued to believe in the ostensible ideals of its earliest settlers. 7 pgs. 11 f/c. 3b.

88. American Tragedy : A Fallen Dream.

Desc: This three-page paper presents a discussion about An American Tragedy by Theodore Dreiser. The author of this paper presents a clear-cut idea and discussion about the American Dream and what it truly represents in theory and foundation even as we advance in the future. There was one source used to complete this paper. 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

89. American's Role in Maintaining Peace for All.

Desc: This paper answers the question: Should the United States play a role in maintaining Peace around the world. This paper specifically looks Palestinian Conflicts and the role the US should or should not play in that conflict. 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

90. Americans and the New Market Economy of the Jacksonian Era.

Desc: This paper will argue that the majority of Americans of the Jacksonian era welcomed the new market economy that Jackson fostered and came to symbolize. 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

91. Americans with Disabilities Act.

Desc: The 1990 Americans with Disabilities Act protects individuals with physical or mental disabilities against discrimination in employment, housing, public facilities, education, transportation and communications. It took the groundbreaking stance that given full opportunity the disabled were capable of full participation in society. Unfortunately, today gaps remain between the lifestyles of the disabled and non-disabled. New legislation has been proposed. 2 pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

92. Americas New Foreign Policy Providing Order to a Fractious World

Desc: On September 11th, America changed. An act of terror on its own soil, so horrendous, so previously incomprehensible shook the country to the core. Never before had Americans suffered such an attack, not within their boundaries. What once was a country that assumed it was safe and secure, left its citizens questioning their security even in their own beds. However, as Americans have been known to do, they rallied together, in acts of kindness, bravery, compassion, and patriotism never before seen, demanding that this never happen again. Demanding their safety and security be returned to them. But how? How in a world where so many countries are strife ridden could a nation, like America be truly safe. An American foreign policy, one that some could argue was always on America's agenda, of stabilizing turbulent nations, and instituting democracy within emerged.

93. An Alternate History and Nixon.

Desc: This three-page undergraduate paper examines how the election of Richard Nixon as President in the 1960 election would have impacted America in the 1960's in terms of Vietnam, race, youth, culture, and US-Soviet relations.

94. An Analysis of the Trail of Tears in American History.

Desc: This paper will discuss the trail of Tears, which caused the slaughter of many Indians under the hand of president Andrew Jackson. By creating a situation in Northern Georgia that ultimately incite the Indians to fight the white men involved they were exterminated in the idea of expansion for the whites who sought to destroy them completely. By understanding this point in history, a better understanding of the American policy towards to Native American Cherokee Indians can be made here. 5 pgs, bibliography lists 6 sources.

95. An Analysis on Unemployment, Inflation, GDP, and the Markets.

Desc: This four-page undergraduate paper defines and discusses the connection between unemployment and the GDP, the connection between unemployment and inflation, and the connection between unemployment and the financial markets.

96. An Argument for Strong Propaganda for American Entry into World War I.

Desc: This paper will seek to understand the methods of propaganda for public opinion during World War I, and seek to understand why they were affective. By presenting some of this evidence, we can learn why trade, and political treaties were the main validation for the American entry into this war.

97. An Entrepreneurial Case Study of the Transcontinental Railroad

Desc: This paper answers several questions related to the book Nothing Like It in the World by Stephen E. Ambrose.

98. An Essay on Air Craft Carriers in World War Two.

Desc: This essay will argue for the influence of the aircraft carrier during World War II and discover why this form of Naval craft was so useful for strategic purposes for naval warfare. The elements of the ship's usage will be explained, along with an overview of how the ship was used to help win the Great War. By relating all of these factors, a better understanding of naval history will prove how it's invention was essential to the history of strategy on the seas. By studying some of tactics that the British, Japanese, and Americans used during the Second World War, a clear understanding of the aircraft carrier as a strategic weapon can be made. 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

99. An Ethical and Moral Analysis: Critically Analyzing the Article: An Almost Absolute Value in History by John T. Noonan

Desc: In this paper Noonan offers an article that reflects the philosophical, religious and scientific perspectives on abortion in America. This article holds science as the most logical way to explain life, and offers proofs to this course of thought. In essence, the ever-changing aspects of social norms in religion and philosophical 'truths' cannot truly define a absolutist sense of life within the womb. By Noonan's scientifically based approach to abortion in the article one can realize how life can be identified, and this should be the modern course of action in defining life within the female human womb.

100. An Experienced-Based Critique of James Madison's Federalist Paper Number 10.

Desc: A experiential critique of Federalist paper number 10 by James Madison. By understanding the theory of 'union'in a republican democracy, we can learn how Madison argues for his case, and why it is erroneous on certain merits.

101. An Historiography of American Expansion to the West.

Desc: This paper will discuss the books The Frontier in American History by Frederick Jackson Turner, Roaring Camp: The Social World of the California Gold Rush by Susan Lee Johnson, The Legacy of Conquest: The Unbroken Past of the American West by Patricia Limerick, and White Scourge: Mexicans, Blacks, and Poor Whites in Texas Cotton Culture by Neil Foley. By assessing a historiography, we can see how these historians present different perspectives on historical writing in American expansionism to the West.

102. An Overview of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

Desc: This paper will discuss the nature of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. By understanding the various functions of the organization, along with its history, we can realize its ultimate purpose in the scope of world politics.

103. Analysis of the Primary Election in the United States.

Desc: This eight-page paper written at sophomore level, analyses the process of primary election in the United States for nominating a candidate for president from amongst the two parties, Republicans and the Democrats. 8pgs, bibliography lists 4 sources.

104. Analysis of early American Government.

Desc: An analysis of early government in America and how the Founders Father's might have seen some of the early paradoxes of the Constitution. By understanding some of the principles of federalism, as well as Constitutional analysis of the pro and cons of this famous governmental treatise, we can see where it stands in the politics of a democracy

105. Ancient Greek Political Government

Desc: Summary: This paper analyzed the various governments of ancient Greece, including Monarchy, Timocracy, Aristocracy, Democracy, Tyrant and Oligarchy.

106. Andrew Jackson - A Political analysis.

Desc: This five-page undergraduate paper outlines and explores the presidency of Andrew Jackson and the role he played in changing and shaping the face of American Government and the office of the President. 5 pgs, bibliography lists 3 sources.

107. Andrew Jackson vs. Henry Clay: Democracy and Development in Antebellum America.

Desc: This seven-page book report highlights similarities and differences between the two political leaders of America, Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) and Henry Clay (1777-1853). Moreover, the paper will also address the fundamental and crucial issues surrounding American public as well as the leaders in power during the antebellum period stretching to 35 years, from 1820-1855.

108. Another Side Of American Revolutionaries.

Desc: This eight-page undergraduate paper discusses American Revolutionaries. American Revolutionaries are the most admired people in the history of our country. It is believed that these people sacrificed their lives to drive British out of the colonies so oppression could be ended. But it is strange then that it was after the British rule ended that racial issue surfaced and reached alarmingly levels. Not only did slavery become devastating, the central government also decided to withdraw autonomy from all member states so that it could central government could interfere in the internal matters of any state. This shows that American revolutionaries were not as much against oppression as they were against the British authoritarian rule and this was the most important reason behind their revolt. 8 pgs. Bibliography lists 12 sources.

109. Answer: Direct Democracy is Not a Danger to Our Current Political System

Desc: In this paper we can see the dire need for direct democracy against special interest in America. Direct democracy or an even semi-direct democracy might be an option that will remove corporate interest over those of the citizens that are empowered under the Constitution of the United States. By the rising casualties of war, the growing criminal evidence of Cheney and Bush, direct democracy will help prevent this abominadable and profiteering behavior within the hallowed halls of Congress.

110. Anthrax Vaccine Immunization and Ethics Involved

Desc: This six-page paper looks at the idea of the Anthrax immunisation problem and the philosophies of Kant and Mills along with a Utilitarian approach as to whether it is bets to inoculate or not. The paper discusses Kant along side Mills and concludes that in personal views Mills would be the best approach to take.

111. Anti Vietnam War Movement ~ Students for Democratic Society.

Desc: This is a 12 page paper in MLA style that states and describes the role and motive behind the Students Movements during the Anti Vietnam War era. 12 pgs. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

112. Anti-Federalists.

Desc: This three-page undergraduate paper discusses the arguments presented by the anti-federalists when the constitution was being ratified by member states. While some major states such as Delaware and Pennsylvania were highly in favor of the constitution, some other states were uncertain and they debated against it. These people were later called the anti-federalists and the articles they published against the constitution appeared in newspapers and are known as the 'Anti-Federalist Papers'. 3 pgs. Bibliography lists 2 sources.

113. Arab Americans ~ The Stereotypes Run Deep.

Desc: This is a 2-page paper in MLA style that uses an article as the frame of reference and depicts the negative image of Arabs in the society and media as hurtful. 2 pgs. Bibliography lists 1 source.

114. Arabs in America.

Desc: This ten-page graduate paper is a paper that aims at stimulating interest and at increasing ethnographic knowledge about an ethnic or sub-cultural group actually living in American society, the writer has chosen to write about Arabs in America. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 5 sources.

115. Are Political Parties Relevant

Desc: This ten page graduate paper examines the relevance of political parties. The author notes that the relevance of political parties in America has been a subject of increasing debate among political scientists and politicians over the last thirty years, for party identity no longer has the significance it once had, both among the electorate and elected officials. Changes in political fundraising, voter disgust with partisan politics, and the emergence of twenty-four hour news channels have changed the dynamics of politics in the United States.

116. Argument fallacies in criminal intelligence analysis vs. military intelligence analysis.

Desc: This 4-page graduate paper examines how fallacies of ad hominum arguments, unwarranted assumptions, and improper use of statistical data may occur in criminal intelligence analysis and military intelligence analysis.

117. Argumentative Essay: Gay Rights

Desc: America is, without argument, a deeply divided nation over many issues. One has only to look at the results of the last two Presidential elections to see that the divisions are not only deep, but wide as well. There are many divisive topics that, perhaps in decades past would have sparked debate, cause vitriolic expression, anger, and result in a black and white view of the world expressed on both sides of the issue. But, even with the rightward swing of the social and political pendulum, what is just is just, and what is right is right. The truth of our nation is that it preaches equality and practices bigotry and hate. Our national foundation is built upon the idea, at least in word, that all men are created equal, with certain inalienable rights, life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness among them. For the first time since the civil rights movement of the 1960's, an entire class of people is being actively discriminated against. They are being legally blocked from enjoying the same rights as other citizens, being barred from employment, and being prevented from living a peaceful co-existence with their neighbors in many communities throughout this nation. These people are not identifiable by any visible characteristic, no race, creed, religion, or gender defines them. Rather, they are simply gay - and their rights as human beings are being actively denied them by our broad society.

118. Army's Policy And Women.

Desc: This eight-page undergraduate paper examines the policy of the U.S. Army on women, which has been under attack for a long time. The policy is making it difficult for females to enter the Armed Forces as they are barred from most combat positions. 8 pgs. Bibliography lists 10 sources.

119. Articles Could NOT Have Sustained Us If Needed.

Desc: This eight-page paper discusses the Articles of the Confederate and whether the nation could have continued to follow those instead of developing the constitution. There were three sources used to complete this paper. 8 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

120. Articles Of Confederation Were More Like The Declaration Or The Constitution.

Desc: This paper in 1000 words tries to argue whether the articles of confederation are equal to the declaration of constitution or not. It clarifies that which class of people the changes affect the most. It concludes by stating that thirty-eight of the remaining forty-one delegates showed their support by signing the proposed Constitution. 4 pgs. Bibliography lists 3 sources.

121. Asian Immigrants Living in America.

Desc: This paper examines the lives of Chinese Americans within the modern and historical contexts. It looks at the successes of the culture which was once a virtual slave society used to build the railroads, mines, and farms of the west. 5 pgs, bibliography lists 6 sources.

122. Assessing Bureaucratic Politics in the Bush RespAdministration.

Desc: This paper identifies the criteria of bureaucratic politics in respect to the current presidential administration and the politics of timber and oil harvesting, where the past business connections of George W. Bush and his cabinet reflect bureaucratic politics rather than policy created for the benefit of the general public. MLA Format.

123. Atom Bomb Decision.

Desc: This paper is an outline that provides key points and questions for an essay that discusses President Truman's decision to use the A-Bomb. The questions and points sketched in this outline provide the basis of a critical assessment of historical influences that contributed to Truman's decision. 5 pgs. No sources.

124. Auschwitz and After

Desc: This paper considers the aftermath of World War Ii and whether or not the world learend the lessons of the Holocaust, showing evidcne that the world has not and that new instances of genocide are allowed to develop and even play out if the country involved is not of immediate economic importance to the West.

125. Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin

Desc: The Puritan tradition in writing, of which Benjamin Franklin was weaned, was wound around five primary concepts: the need for a moral justification of public, private and governmental acts; the quest for freedom in the political, personal, social and economic spheres; the puritan work ethic; the morbid fascination with death as characterized by the elegiac verse; and the concept of manifest destiny. Authors such as Roger Williams, Mary White Rowlanson, and John Winthrop were products of this Puritan model and, in their writing, centered their conceptual world around religion and the maintenance of the puritan ethic. Franklin, however, had awakened to a different form of literary construction that would, in time, allow for a much broader interpretation of the world and of literary purpose itself. It is the purpose of this paper to outline how Ben Franklin had distanced himself from the puritan writers and, while maintaining some of their sensibilities, wrote an autobiography that reads like a manual for life. MLA Format.

126. Automobiles: A Personal and Cultural Perspective.

Desc: This four-page undergraduate research paper examines why I like cars, discusses what more I can learn about them, and explores the social, technological, cultural, collectible, and mechanical aspects of my interest in cars.