environmental studies and ecology research topics

1. A Critical Analysis of the Challenges of Population Growth, Resource Consumption and Pollution in Paul Harrison's The Third Revolution .

Desc: 8 pgs. 14 f/c. 7b.

2. A Critical Review of Hans Schwarz The Significance of Evolutionary Thought For American Protestant Theology: Late Nineteenth-Century Resolutions and Twentieth-Century Problems

Desc: Within this paper, I begin by introducing my thesis and then provide a brief overview of the primary sources Schwarz employs within his article. I then drag Schwarz' hidden argument out from beneath the formal structure of his article, a structure that functions more as an exposition of 19th century critics who examined the relationship between evolution and Christianity than a sustained critical evaluation of a subject. I end by suggesting that Schwarz' implicit argument advocates a new, united front amongst academics hoping to combine Christianity with evolution, while also pointing out the enormous difficulties in doing so.

3. A Summary of Making Sense of Strangeness: Silvis in the Blues.

Desc: This is a summary of "Making Sense of Strangeness: Silvis in the Blues written by Nancy Langston. Foresters are interested in why trees and various habitats in the forest work together, yet in competition of one another.

4. Acid Rain.

Desc: This paper examines the environmental problem known as 'acid rain.' First, acid rain is identified and explained. The problems it presents are identified. Finally, the current situation and future policy directions are considered. 5 pgs, bibliography lists 6 sources.

5. Acid Rain: An Analysis of Effects and Industry Costs in the U.S. and Canada

Desc: This ten-page undergraduate paper examines the issue of acid rain in eastern Canada and the New England states. The author notes that acid rain is created through the reaction of air pollutants such as sulfur oxides and nitrogen oxides with water in the air, which forms strong acids such as sulfuric and nitric acid. It spreads across wide geographic areas, making it difficult to conclusively determine who is responsible for damages, thus creating political controversy and complicating efforts to reduce it. While progress has been made in reducing acid rain, much more needs to be done, both politically and in private industry.

6. Adaptive Strategies

Desc: The importance of being able to adapt in life is vital especially during the ancient days of early life. This paper discusses the adaptive strategies of early ecology. The human behavioral ecology (HBE) began with the application of optimal foraging models of hunter-gatherers with resource selection and land use. Evolution ecology studies have been the adaptive design in ecological context. The HBE will be a method that will gain interest of those who are interested in ecology. How do these methods differ? The best method is by combining all of these together. "Although EP,DIT and HBE are often portrayed as competing alternatives, a case can be made for viewing them as complementary" (Winterhalder and Smith). If a person had to choose one, it would probably be the HBE because it combines the study of past ecology with the observable behavior.

7. Air Pollution.

Desc: This essay discusses the problem of air pollution in our society. We see that citizens have to elect governments that are representative, rather than the ones that adhere to market forces. 5 pgs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

8. Air Pollution in Toronto, ON and Los Angeles, CA: Causes, Consequences and Reduction.

Desc: This paper examines air pollution in Los Angeles, CA and Toronto, ON. The two cities are compared and contrasted in the context of air pollution. The paper focuses on the causes of air pollution in large urban areas and its consequences. Means of reducing air pollution and remediating current damage is also explored. 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

9. Aldo Leopold and the Land Ethic.

Desc: Aldo Leopold has had a great influence on the philosophy of environmental ethics. This paper examines the life of Aldo Leopold and his work "The Land Ethic" in which he explicitly claims that the roots of the ecological crisis were philosophical. 21 pgs. 22 f/c. 29b.

10. Alternate Fuels.

Desc: This five-page undergraduate paper reviews the positive and negative aspects of using crude oil in running cars in the United States. The main emphasis of this paper is to persuade the President of the United States for the imperative need of replacing crude oil with alternative energy sources. 5 pgs, bibliography lists 4 sources.

11. An Analysis of The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex.

Desc: In the paragraph quoted from Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex, Darwin presents the theory that regardless of how far man has come, or how far, still, man aims to go, man will always be reminded, through his physiology, of where he has come from. To paraphrase, Darwin is saying that, because man clearly stands at the top of the food chain, it is only natural for him to feel a sense of innate superiority to all other life on the planet. What's further, the fact that man has achieved his standing gradually, over time, gives man reason to believe that he has the potential to continue that advancement to even greater heights at some point in the future.

12. An Economic View And Approach To Pollution.

Desc: This paper is an analysis on the economic perspective of 'de-pollution'. First, some of the dilemmas of addressing environmental concerns will be examined from an economic perspective, and to a lesser extent, a political or ideological perspective. Following the discussion of the 'problems' or 'dilemmas' of pollution concerns, from an economic perspective, this analysis will address some of the solutions proposed, and second, examine these proposed solutions in light of some of the criticisms which have been raised and anticipated by the theories in question. Concerning this latter section, it will be argued that in general, the economic perspective can be understood as trying to establish policies which will maintain the core principles of a market economy, namely, profit motive. 4.5 pgs. 3 f/c. 1b.

13. An Inward Assessment of a Sustainable Community

Desc: This essay attempts to assert the fact that a sustainable community cannot thrive unless the individual is oriented in mind and thus conscious towards the environment. A brief description of the present dynamics between humans and environment and an admonition to avoid extremism is given. Examples of projects that mimic nature's conservation methods and cooperate with the environment are also given. The community must realize how certain, unnoticed mindsets can hinder sustainable development in future generations.

14. Analysis of Cost and Environmental Amphiprion Ocellaris and Geranium Richardsonii in Hermaphrodite Species.

Desc: This paper will analyze the hermaphroditism in theAmphiprion Ocellaris fish, and theGeranium Richardsonii of the plant world, and seek to understand how they effect their natural environments. By analyzing their influence on their environment, as well as learning how humans relate to the cost of working with them in captivity.

15. Analysis of Video Program 1.

Desc: This paper is on the course study of the human impact on the Earth over the last few centuries and how that has harmed the Earth's ecological systems. Deforestation, desertification, ozone layer changes, global warming, pollution, urbanization, and the destruction of the habitats of various species of plants and animals have been used as case studies to drive home the point that we are, indeed, in the midst of an environmental crisis.

16. Anthropogenic Climate Change.

Desc: This ten-page undergraduate paper discusses the moral obligation of the present generation to slow the potentially catastrophic rate of anthropogenic climate change, to provide resources for coping with its harmful effects, and to deal with the uncertainties of scientific environmental research. In the process, the economic and ethical issues are debated and a determination is made that environmental protection is morally right and that economic considerations are of secondary importance. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

17. Anthropogenic Climate Change: American Responsibilities.

Desc: This ten-page undergraduate paper discusses the ethics of assuming responsibilities to reduce emissions of pollutants and slow the rate of anthropogenic climate change. In the process the discussion considers the paradigms of Moderate Cosmopolitanism, Pluralism, and Nationalism. 10 pgs. Bibliography lists 6 sources.

18. Are Major Changes Needed to Avert a Global Environmental Crisis

Desc: For the purpose of this essay, therefore, I will be supporting the 'yes' view that maintains that major changes must be set in motion to arrest a global environmental crisis. Industrialization, urbanization and population growth has affected far-reaching ecological changes, most of which have been negative. Studies indicate that what lies at the root of the array of environmental exigencies is population growth, which, in turn, increases the demand for energy, food, water and other natural resources.

19. Argument for Anthropomorphic Environmental Ethics.

Desc: The mechanistic worldview, on the other hand, depicts nature as atomistic, passive, lifeless, and wholly devoid of purpose. Feminist critics of deep ecology's insistence that an anthropocentric worldview is the root cause of the ecological crisis agree that there are important connections between the oppression of nature and the oppression of women that the anthropocentric emphasis of deep ecology obscures. Nature itself is conceived of as feminine. The powerful metaphor of "Mother Nature" allows one to see women and nature as both nurturing and gentle as well as wild and unpredictable. The irrational forces of nature must be tamed by culture and the emotional nature of women must be constructively directed by the masculine force of rationality. 4 pgs, bibliography lists 1 source.

20. Argumentative Paper on the Death Penalty.

Desc: This paper presents arguments both for and against the death penalty in the United States.

21. Article Critique.

Desc: This paper critiques a recent article in evolutionary biology: Velicer, Gregory J. and Richard E Lenski "Evolutionary Trade-offs Under Conditions of Resource Abundance and Scarcity: Experiments with Bacteria" Ecology 80: June 1999, pp. 1168+. It outlines the experimental method employed, the importance of the research and its future implications. 5pgs. Bibliography lists 4 sources.

22. Article Review. Borgstrom, Bengt-Erik "The Way the World is Going: The Society-Nature Dichotomy in Development Rhetorics".

Desc: This paper is a review of Bengt-Erik Borgstrom's article "The Way the World is Going: The Society-Nature Dichotomy in Development Rhetorics." The focus is on definitions of eco-development.

23. Asian Brown Cloud and Polution.

Desc: There can be no doubt in any ecologist's or environmentalist's mind that pollution has an effect upon our world and out lives. While we are all capable of discerning pollution in the form of smog, exhaust, litter, debris-strewn streets and rivers, many politicians, corporate heads, and other people, try to assert that the threats from pollution are simply too small to be meaningful. Besides, according to the mindset of the industrial complex, pollution has no immediate effects, and therefore cannot be traced directly to any one source; therefore none are responsible. This, however, is simply untrue. The fact of pollution is that anyone who dumps toxins, garbage, or waste of any kind into any part of the world, is indeed creating pollution. In an age where accountability on any level, personal, corporate or national, is being stressed, one thing must be taken clearly into consideration - the medium and long-term effects of our habits with waste. One of the most urgent issues facing our environment and our lives in terms of pollution, has been the "Brown Cloud", or "Asian Brown Cloud" phenomenon of massive concentrations of air-borne pollutants found above heavily industrialized and wholly unregulated areas. One particular phenomenon the Asian Brown Cloud, originated in China and has been thought to have a killing potential - to the tune of MILLIONS. It is the purpose of this paper to look at the origins, the effects, and the solution to the Asian and other Brown Cloud problems rising in the world.

24. Asian Brown Cloud.

Desc: There can be no doubt in any ecologist's or environmentalist's mind that pollution has an effect upon our world and out lives. While we are all capable of discerning pollution in the form of smog, exhaust, litter, debris-strewn streets and rivers, many politicians, corporate heads, and other people, try to assert that the threats from pollution are simply too small to be meaningful. Besides, according to the mindset of the industrial complex, pollution has no immediate effects, and therefore cannot be traced directly to any one source; therefore none are responsible. This, however, is simply untrue. The fact of pollution is that anyone who dumps toxins, garbage, or waste of any kind into any part of the world, is indeed creating pollution. In an age where accountability on any level, personal, corporate or national, is being stressed, one thing must be taken clearly into consideration - the medium and long-term effects of our habits with waste. One of the most urgent issues facing our environment and our lives in terms of pollution, has been the "Brown Cloud", or "Asian Brown Cloud" phenomenon of massive concentrations of air-borne pollutants found above heavily industrialized and wholly unregulated areas. One particular phenomenon the Asian Brown Cloud, originated in China and has been thought to have a killing potential - to the tune of MILLIONS. It is the purpose of this paper to look at the origins, the effects, and the solution to the Asian and other Brown Cloud problems rising in the world.

25. California Poppy.

Desc: California's native grasslands are among the most-threatened natural communities in the United States. As an ecosystem, the native Central Valley Prairie has been eliminated, but remnant populations of native prairie species still exist in scattered locations. Many of these populations are small and vulnerable and could easily be lost by urbanization, agriculture, roadside- weed control programs, or competition from invasive weeds. Even Jepson Prairie, which includes one of the best remaining stands of native prairie in the Central Valley, is saturated with alien plants that suppress many native species. APA format. 8 pgs, bibliography lists 10 sources.

26. Certification Of Forests.

Desc: This is a 8-page paper overall analysis of the process and implication of the forest certification. 8 pgs. Bibliography lists 8 sources.

27. Ocean Pollution: An Overview.

Desc: This 6-page, 7-source piece analyzes ocean pollution. The author focuses on three key elements of ocean pollution: oil pollution, toxic materials, dangerous debris, and deposits and withdrawals. At the end of the piece, the author gives an overview of the efforts underway to prevent further pollution of the world's oceans. 6 pgs. Bibliography lists 7 sources.

28. Oil Spills.

Desc: This study will look at the oil spill problem from a more eclectic stance. Specifically, it will justify the assertion that oil spills occur from a variety of sources by bringing many of them to light. Upon this, it will be clear that there is indeed significant cause for concern and even greater need for a system-wide outlook on oil-leakage. After disclosing the various sources of oil spillage into the world's marine environments, the impact on marine ecosystems will be discussed, as will suggestions for prevention and spillage containment and recovery. Specific cases will be highlighted where appropriate. 8 pgs. 17 f/c. 7b.

29. Our Changing Climate

Desc: This paper discusses the changing climate and the issues related to this problem which is growing every year. 3.5 pgs. 5 f/c. 5b.